Manuscripts should be typed double-spaced on only one side of the paper.

Title Page
Include a separate title page with the title of the manuscript, author’s name, affiliation, address, phone number, fax number and email. All correspondence will be directed only to the first author.

An abstract of 150 to 200 words outlines the purpose, scope and conclusions of the manuscript as well as five selected keywords. If the manuscript is written in Bahasa Malaysia, an abstract in English should be provided.

Figures and Tables
All figures (charts, graphs, drawings etc) and tables should be titled and numbered. Figures and Tables should supplement the text and not duplicate it. Here are some examples:

Figure 2.5 Evolution of Training’s Role
Source: Noe, RA 2005, Employee Training and Development, p.41.
Table 6.20 Fit Indices for Hypothesised Structural Model

Use a separate page for appendices (if required). Provide each appendix with a title.

Reference Citations
Use author-date method (Harvard Style). Here are some examples:

If one author:
Laker (1990) proposed …..

If two authors:
Broad and Newstrom (1992) also noted that ………

If two or more works cited at the end of the text:
Transfer of training is generally defined as the degree to which trainees apply the knowledge, skills and attitudes gained in training to their job (Ford & Weissbein 1997; Tannenbaum & Yulk 1992; Wexley & Latham 1991).

If more than two authors and their work is again cited in the text, use ‘et al.’ For example,

First citation in text:
For instance, Tziner, Haccoun and Kadish (1991) noted that the fundamental purpose of training is to help people develop skills and abilities which, when applied at work, will enhance their average job performance in their current job.

Subsequent citation in text:
The definition provided by Tziner et al. (1991) links the acquisition of knowledge and skills gained through training to an application in the workplace.

Reference List
All references in the reference list must be cited in text and should be arranged in an alphabetical order. Here are some examples:

Cohen, JW 1988, Statistical power analysis for the behavioural sciences, 2nd edn, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, NJ.

Cormier, SM & Hagman, J 1987, Transfer of learning: contemporary research and applications, Academic Press Inc, London.

Book Chapters
Kozlowski, SW & Salas, E 1997, ‘An organisational systems approach for the implementation and transfer of training’, in Ford, JK., Kozlowski, SW., Kraiger,K., Salas, E & Teachout, MS (eds), Improving training effectiveness in work organisation (pp.247-87), Lawrence Erlbaum, New Jersey

Tuijnman, AC (ed.) 1996, International Encyclopaedia of Adult Education and Training, Pergamon, NY

Bates, RA 2001, ‘Public sector training participation: an empirical investigation’, International Journal of Training and Development, vol.5, no.2, pp.136-152

Connelly, CE & Kelloway, EK 2003, ‘Predictors of employees’ perceptions of knowledge sharing cultures’, Leadership & Organisation Development Journal, vol.24, no.5, pp.294-301.

Colquitt, JA., LePine, JA & Noe, RA 2000, ‘Toward an integrative theory of training motivation: a meta-analytic path analysis of 20 years of research’, Journal of Applied Psychology, vol.85, pp.679-707

Ahmad Badawi, A 2006, ‘Strengthening resilience, meeting challenges’, The 2006 Budget Speech, viewed 20 February 2007,

Bates, RA & Holton, EF III 1999, ‘Learning transfer in a social service agency: test of an expectancy model of motivation’, in KP Kuchinke (eds.), Academy of Human Resource Development 1999 Conference Proceedings (pp.1092-1099), Academy of Human Resource Development, Baton Rouge, LA.).

Chen, CH 2003, Cross cultural construct validation of the learning transfer system inventory in Taiwan, Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Louisiana State University.